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How to Determine your Skin Type and the Importance of Knowing Your Skin

  • 8 min read

How to Determine your Skin Type and the Importance of Knowing Your Skin

Your skin is your body’s largest organ, as complex and intelligent as your heart, lungs, liver, and other vital organs. Understanding your true skin type is the key to healthy, glowing skin, but how do you know what your skin type is?

Taking the time to learn your skin’s specific needs will help you to choose the right options for skin care, to protect your skin for a healthier, more radiant complexion. Every person’s skin is unique, but there are a few common skin types. The three main skin types are commonly referred to as Oily, Normal/Combination and Dry. Read on for ways to determine your skin type.

How To Determine Your Skin Type

There are several ways to determine your skin type. Here are two of the easiest methods you can do at home.

Bare-Faced Method

woman holding her bare face

The bare-faced method is easy. All you need to do is cleanse your face thoroughly and pat dry. Leave skin bare for at least 30 minutes. After that, inspect your face—see if there’s any shine on your cheeks, nose, forehead, and chin. Give it another 30 minutes, and evaluate whether your skin feels dry, especially when making facial expressions.

If your skin feels tight, it’s likely dry. On the other hand, if there’s a noticeable shine on certain parts of your face, it’s likely you have normal/combination skin. However, if you have excessive oil on your forehead, nose, and cheeks, you likely have oily skin.

Blotting Sheet Method

Another method to find out your skin type is through the blotting sheet method. Pat a blotting paper on various parts of your face. Hold the sheet up to the light to see the amount of oil. If the sheet picked up minimal or no oil at all, you likely have dry skin.

On the other hand, if there’s oil from forehead and nose areas, you likely have normal/combination skin. But when the blotting paper is saturated with oil; no questions asked—indeed, you have oily skin.

Skin Types

 three women laying

Now, what is the meaning behind your skin type?

• Dry Skin

A common skin condition, dry skin is characterized by a lack of adequate amount of water in the superficial layer of the skin, which is the epidermis. Older individuals are more prone to dry skin and it can affect males and females equally.

Dry skin feels tight throughout the day; flaking may also be noticeable. Typically, this skin condition is mainly due to genes, environmental factors, and climate. Another leading cause of dry skin is dehydration; therefore, drinking plenty of water is recommended for individuals who suffer from dry skin. Some physiological changes and medical conditions may cause dry skin as well, such as hormonal changes, hypothyroidism, and diabetes.

dry skin of a woman's face

The areas that are most affected by dry skin are:

  • Arms
  • Hands
  • Lower legs

The epidermis contains fat and protein. Lipid, or the “fat” portion of the skin and other proteins prevent the skin from getting dehydrated. However, when there’s a deficiency in proteins and lipids, the moisture from the skin evaporates quickly.

Keep in mind that when skin becomes dry, it is prone to rashes and skin breakouts.

The signs of dry skin are:

  • Itching
  • Red plaques
  • Rough dry skin

• Normal/Combination Skin

Normal/combination skin has dryness on the cheeks; therefore, individuals with this skin type are more prone to breakouts on the cheeks, while their t-zone tends to be well-moisturized. Hence, those with normal or combination skin don’t tend to suffer much from breakouts because they do not have excessive oil. Combination skin is having oily skin in some areas of the face and dry skin in other areas. In short, this type of skin involves a mixture of oily and dry areas on various parts of the face.

Several factors result in this skin type, but most of the time, it all comes down to genetics. It’s essential to be mindful of the skin products you use because some products can make skin conditions worse or even cause the problem in the first place.

Normal/Combination Skin

Some products may contain ingredients that are harsh or can aggravate the skin, which will lead to dryness of some areas of the face while stimulating oil production in other parts, especially the parts on the skin that were already oily.

One thing to keep in mind when it comes to this skin type (or basically any other skin types) is that there’s no one-size-fits-all solution. The solution will vary depending on how dry the dry areas are, and how oily the oily areas are.

• Oily Skin

Something useful to remember is that we all have oil in our skin. The sebaceous gland that is under the pores is responsible for the production of natural oils to keep the skin healthy and hydrated. However, some individuals have sebaceous glands that produce too much oil; hence, this creates oily skin.

You know you have oily skin when the skin always looks shiny and you go through plenty of blotting sheets per day. Moreover, oily skin will feel greasy even within hours of cleansing.

Oily skin

When you have oily skin, you will be more prone to breakouts because the oil mixes with dead skin cells that get stuck in your pores. You can also be prone to Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH) that can leave dark spots on the skin after the breakout has healed.

What causes oily skin? Similar to other skin types, they are often due to genetics, age, your location, season, and enlarged pores. Another cause could be the use of incorrect skin care products. In contrast, individuals who go overboard with their skin care routine may suffer from this skin type as well.

• For Sensitive Skin

If you have sensitive skin, you are aware of how challenging it is to manage this skin type. You need to put in a significant amount of time and effort to determine the ingredients that cause irritation and inflammation.

You can handle this by using one product at a time—either for skincare or cosmetics. Make sure you test a new formula on your inner forearm to minimize potential reactions on your face. Additionally, look for products that come with non-irritation and paraben-free ingredients.

The 6 Basic Rules Of Skincare

No matter what type of skin you have, these tips will keep your skin looking its best. Here are the basic rules of skincare you should follow by heart

1. Sunscreen is crucial! Never step out of your house without sunscreen on. If you are staying at home you may also consider using sunscreen. Even though you will not be exposed directly to the sun, UV rays can still penetrate windows and glass. Make use of broad-spectrum sunscreen that can block both UVA and UVB rays. Regardless of your skin type, sunscreen is vital to your skin health.

applying sunscreen

2. Avoid direct sunlight. Keep yourself protected at all times by wearing a sun hatwhen out in the sun. Also, sunglasses will help protect your eyes. When you're exposed to the sun for too long, it could have adverse effects to the skin, such as the formation of wrinkles that can make you look older than your age. As for the sun hat, get a hat that will give you full facial protection. The fabric must be breathable that can help you stay cool under the heat of the sun. Additionally, there are sun hatsthat come with additional features, such as flaps or mesh coverings if you need more coverage. We offer a wide range of sun hats here at GearTop.

applying sunscreen

3. Don’t smoke! The toxins in cigarettes can damage collagen and elastin, which are essential components that keep the skin firm and supple. Smoking speeds up skin aging; hence smokers are more prone to wrinkles not only on the face, but on the body as well. There are a lot of ways smoking affects the skin that you don’t want to get into. Smoking also increases your chances of developing Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC), the second most common form of skin cancer that often appears on the lips. Psoriasis may be mainly caused by stress, but smoking is a risk factor as well.

applying sunscreen

4. Drink plenty of water every day, and make sure you are hydrated well. Did you know that the body is made up of 60% water? Water helps your vital organs function properly, at the same time, being hydrated helps nourish the skin. Drinking plenty of water can help improve skin elasticity that helps fight gravity and helps you look more youthful than ever. Another thing is that water is effective in flushing toxins. By drinking a lot of water, expect to be glowing and if you have oily skin, drinking plenty of water every day can reduce oil production.

applying sunscreen

5. Wash your skin gently but thoroughly every day. Make sure not to wear makeup to bed. Keep in mind that makeup can prevent the skin from getting its much-needed renewal, which it can’t achieve when you leave it on for the night. Remove your makeup to let your skin breathe and renew in the process

applying sunscreen

6. Moisturize every day to reduce the chance of developing extreme oiliness or dryness. With the right kind of moisturizer, it can help your skin maintain its balance. Additionally, moisturizing can help reduce the appearance of blemishes because of the extra, healthy sheen it provides.

applying sunscreen

Importance Of Protecting The Skin

Too much sun can cause a lot of skin conditions, such as skin cancer. Therefore, it’s important you keep your skin protected at all times, especially when you spend a lot of time under the sun or you live in an area where it’s always sunny. Sunburns, another common effect of the sun, may not always look innocent as they may sometimes seem. A sunburn can cause significant damage to the skin. The sun can also lead to age spots and premature aging.

Protect your skin from the sun by wearing the right clothes. You can find clothes that have UV protection, which is crucial for individuals who hike, camp, and spend time outdoors during the daytime. A protective layer of clothing, such as long-sleeved shirts, long pants, and sun hats can protect your skin from direct contact with the sun

As mentioned, we have a wide selection of sun hats you can choose from. Look extra fashionable with our Jasmine Series Sun Visor that comes in two colors. The wide-brimmed visor offers maximum sun protection and it comes with adjustable velcro straps for that perfect fit. We also want to make sure you are super comfortable with it; hence we added a ponytail hole that will let you wear your hair in various styles without having to worry about the hat. Don't worry if you break a sweat with it! With its inner sweatband, the sun hat can reduce the build-up of sweat and stains. You can take it anywhere because it's foldable and lightweight!

sun hat

For something more casual, the Wanderer Series Hat, which is available in three colors is perfect for sun protection. The hat features a wide brim, breathable fabric, and adjustable drawstring to keep you comfortable when you’re out. Additionally, if you are doing activities, you can count on the hat a lot because it can resist water.

wanderers hat

If you're looking for the ultimate outdoor hat, the Floater Series is the one for you. Designed for both men and women, the hat comes in three colors to choose from. With this, you can maintain a cool head, thanks to its breathable mesh panels. The hat also comes with an adjustable drawcord for that perfect fit.

Our skin's needs can change over time, and taking steps to identify its needs best is essential for it to function and look its best. We believe in prevention is the key, and staying protected here at GearTOP is our priority. Regardless of your skin type, and daily routine, you can never go wrong with our Sun Hats collection. Aside from the hats discussed above, we also have other styles you can choose from. You must check them all out! The best part is you don't need to spend a fortune. Building a habit of wearing a hat is also very easy to do!

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